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Arthur Benjamin De Broughe





Australia Remembers Anzac Journals have been designed and produced by Australia Remembers Ltd as part of their contribution to the Anzac Centenary Celebrations and to the memory of the thousands of Australian Anzacs who served in World War One.

We invite you to join with us in keeping their memory alive by 'Adopting an Anzac' and contributing to an Anzac Journal

Lest We Forget


World War One Overview
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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Service No: 975
Place Of Birth: Moulamein, NSW, Australia
Place Of Enlistment: Broadmeadows, VIC, Australia
Next Of Kin: De Broughe, Alfred (brother)

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe


The following three pages display the first three files on record at the National Archives recording the attestation of Arthur Benjamin De Broughe.

View complete record set here

Embarkation Details 975

Service No: N.A

Rank: N.A

Roll Title: N.A

Conflict / Operation: N.A

Date Of Embarkation: N.A

Place Of Embarkation: N.A

Ship Embarked On: N.A

Australian War Memorial Embarkation Record


Arthur Benjamin De Broughe was killed in action
Click here for the Commonwealth War Graves record
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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Gallery

Click any image to display the images slideshow.
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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Arthur Benjamin De Broughe was born in Moulamein, NSW, Australia.and enlisted like all his mates, as a volunteer,  in the Australian Imperial Forces on 27th September 1914 at the age of 25 years at Broadmeadows in Victoria where he made a solemn oath that he would:

 "well and truly serve our Sovereign Lord the King...until the end of the war...and that he would resist His Majesty's enemies and cause his Majesty's peace to be maintained...so help me God"  

This same oath was taken by over three hundred and seventy thousand Australian soldiers who fought during World War One when Australia was still a small nation, in its infancy and when its loyalty and identity lay with Great Britain, the mother country. 

He was single man, a Methodist, a labourer and a country lad  from Deniliquin, in southern New South Wales. He nominated as his next of kin his brother Alexander who also enlisted "to serve our Sovereign Lord the King". 

Your unselfish commitment to Australia's future, we recognize and honour! 

After undertaking initial training at Broadmeadows where Arthur enlisted, the battalion embarked for Egypt in December 1914, arriving there the following month.

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Arthur De Broughe was killed during the August Offensive, the last major attempt made by the Allied forces at Gallipoli to break the stalemate that had persisted since the landings on 25 April 1915. It involved a serious of thrusts being made out of the ANZAC position to seize high points along the Sari Bair range, which dominated the Gallipoli peninsula. These operations would be supported by several diversionary attacks along the existing ANZAC frontline. 


The offensive began with a diversionary attack at Lone Pine on the afternoon of 6 August, (Arthur died two days later), which succeeded in taking a heavily defended complex of Turkish trenches but cost the lives of 2,000 men of the 1st Infantry Brigade. The main attacks - directed at Chunuk Bair, Hill Q and Hill 971 - followed that night, but although the first two features were held for short periods of time, the attacks had failed by 10 August.

The offensive failed to achieve the breakout that was designed and a period of stalemate followed before the decision was made to evacuate the peninsula in December 1915. Arthur was not amongst them. Arthur De Broughe  "went missing" on the 8th August 1915  (see Image Gallery) right in the middle of this 'August offensive'. 

His body was never discovered or identified. 

He truly became the "unknown soldier" of which there are now many thousands.

'Lest we forget!'

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

 

 

LONE PINE MEMORIAL

to

Arthur Benjamin De Broughe


Commemorated in perpertuity by 
the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Certificate dedicated to his Grave memorial is
contained within in this Journal as are photographs
in the Image Gallery

'LEST WE FORGET'

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

 

 


Anthem for Doomed Youth
By Wilfred Owen

 

What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
— Only the monstrous anger of the guns.
Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons.
No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells;
Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs,—
The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells;
And bugles calling for them from sad shires.

What candles may be held to speed them all?
Not in the hands of boys, but in their eyes
Shall shine the holy glimmers of goodbyes.
The pallor of girls' brows shall be their pall;
Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds,
And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds.

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Tributes

Great Uncle Arthur, as a boy I heard many stories about the "Great War". Even now, some 100 years since you died at Gallipoli, your sacrifice has not been forgotten. I visited the Remembrance Wall at Lone Pine & found your name inscribed there. A very memorable moments in my life. Lest we Forget !
Max Colbett
23-04-2016


Add your tribute for Arthur Benjamin De Broughe
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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Tribute for Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

It is so easy to forget the many many Anzacs who gave the ultimate sacrifice for Australia some 100 years ago. 

"They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old
Age shall not weary them nor the years condemn."

Arthur died at the age of twenty six. His body was never found. He never returned home. His whole life was cut short. His mother who died before he went to war, never had to experience  the heart ache and grief of losing her son in war. The saddness the remaining family experienced would have been mixed with deep pride that their brother gave the ultimate sacrifice for his Country.

Your photo Arthur with your mum  rerminds us of your youthfulness and that special bond that was between mother and son before she died, which you carried with sacredness in your heart to Gallipoli.

"At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them"

This is the call across the century since 1915  for all of us to hold onto their heroism and to be ever vigilant in honouring these men and women, whose memory should not fade away, but should become the living memory of evey Australian who recognizes their sacred sacrifice for all future generations.

David - Moulamein High School 

 

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe
Letter from Home

Dear Arthur

Thank you for sending me a letter from Gallipoli so soon. Your description of the Gallipoli landing is extraordinary. The way you described the eerie silence as you sat in the tow boat with your Anzac mates heading towards the beach in semi darkness that morning, is now etched in my memory for ever. 

You mentioned the sense of going into the unknown and the uncertainty as to what lay ahead of you all once you landed. You described it as the calm before the storm. I find it almost unimaginable that you even survived the landing, especially when so many of your mates died on the beach. Your sense of loss and grief for your mates and your thankfulness just to have survived are very powerful emotions. 

I can understand how this has  inspired you to carry on and to make certain that the sacrifices your mates have already made will not be in vain. 

I am deeply humbled by your courage and determination to do the best you can for your country. I know these are early days in the war, but I feel confident that with bravery like yours we will succeed and celebate a glorious victory on your return home.

We are all well at home. I hope one day soon to join you and have just a few days ago filled in my attestation papers to join the Imperial forces. 

from your school mate David 


 

 

 
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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe

Before the War

Arthur Benjamin De Broughe listed on the 1st of October 1914 to join the Australian Imperial Forces for Service  abroad. This was only some 7 months before the famous Anzac Gallipoli Landing, where thousands of  Australian and New Zealand soldiers were committed to the campaign until December 1915.

Arthur, whose service number was 975, joined the 14th battalion unit at the age of 25. Both his parents had already died, as well as another brother in the family, Sam.

This helps expalin why Arthur then nominated one of his remaining brothers, Alfred a Drover from Deniliquin in New South Wales as his next of kin.

Arthur's attestation records tell us he was 5 feet 10 inches tall, weighed 148 pounds, had a chest measurement of 36 inches, with blue eyes , dark brown hair and that he listed his religious denomination as Methodist.

During the War

Arthur first embarked at the "Dardanelles" on the 27th of June 1915 and shortly after was admitted with diarrhoea to the hospital in Alexandria. On the 1st of August 1915 he was sent  back to the Gallipoli Campaign to rejoin his 14th Battalion but tragically on the 8th of August 1915, only one week later, during the "August Offensive", he was reported "missing".

 

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Dedicated to Arthur Benjamin De Broughe


On the 6th of April 1916 a Tribunal determined Arthur Benjamin De Broughe to be "killed in action" at Gallipoli  on the 8th of August 1915. His body was never found, nor the exact location of his death.

Arthur was on the Gallipoli Peninsula for only some 7 days before he was "killed in action". He served in Gallipoli for a very short period of time before his life was laid down and he gave the ultimate sacrifice for his country. Coincidentally, there exists in the Australian War Records a photo of dead Anazcs in the trenches at Gallipoli taken on the very day Arthur was first reported as "missing". This photo graphically portrays the harsh reality of war and reminds us of the thousands of unknown soldiers buried where they fell.

On the 31st of July 1916 Arthur's "effects" were dispatched to his brother Albert in one small packet containing  "knitted woolen waistcoat, a piece of alabaster and letters." 

Sacred memorabilia of a brave soldier

The dispatch letter to Albert read "Dear Sir, Forwarded here per separate registered post is one package containing personal effects of the late number 975 private A. B de Broughe, 14th battalion, as per inventory attached. I should be obliged if you will kindly let me know whether they come safely to hand by signing and returning the enclosed printed receipt slip." Signed Major M Lean, Officer of Base Records.

 

 

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